Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society [William Henry Scott] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book presents a. By William Henry Scott by christine_biala in Types > School Work. WILLIAM HENRY SCOTT (), distinguished scholar and leading historian on the Cordilleras and prehispanic Philippines, graduated.

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Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen. The pin was called tugbak and was inserted in childhood: Wild game was considered a typical masculine food and little preferred by women. Cavendish removed one from the ten-year-old son of a Capul chieftain. The Loaysa expedition touched on the east coast of Mindanao, and Alvaro de Saavedra visited Sarangani Island three times in The eventual clearing off of.

Lauren Orosco rated it it was ok Jul 11, Thus it is generally more economical to trade local forest products for malleable cast iron if available, and it was available at least by the thirteenth century.

None of your libraries hold this item. Foreign observers, including chronicler Juan de Medina58there- fore attributed their use to an inordinate sexual appetite, so much so that women considered it a compliment and were proud of it, and in their songs during their drunken feast were wont to man a harahoa [warship] with those who had been their lovers; and as further evidence of this, they would not let a man approach them who did not have a sakra, which is a little spiked wheel like a Catherine Wheel, with the point blunted, which was fastened with a bronze pin through it, for since childhood they had their male organs pierced through, with which they did it T’ with women like dogs.

Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society

Some were evidently signs of rank: Father Sanchez54v shared their assessment: The University of Sydney. It was threshed as needed by being trampled underfoot, gilyuk; scraped against a seashell, kagnr; or pulled through with the hands, humo, a term which also meant to rub ripe grains loose from a growing plant in time of hunger, leaving the others to mature. Hair Hairstyles usually differed between one community and another and could go in and out of fashion quickly. Domestic Animals Seafood was the main source of protein in the Visayan diet; but pigs and chickens were also raised—not just for consumption but also for sacrificial offerings.

For three days before, harvesters had to remain continent and keep away from fire. In time, the mother tongue from which daughter dialects and languages are derived will disappear, but linguists can theoretically reconstruct such extinct protolanguages by comparing the similarities between the living languages which are descended from them. The treatment of each item goes as far as the documents allow. But Alcina a, 3: The most important tool manufactured, repaired, or retempered by the blacksmith was the bolo.


In the case of feeding workers in exchange for group labor, the meat and fish were piled in mounds called bongdo literally, anthills by families or neighborhoods. This was called datisay, pure or first-class, a term of high esteem for both wine and gold.

Full text of “Barangay Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture And Society”

Oars gaorhowever, had a blade shaped like a dinner plate. It vy to him they owed allegiance, not to a municipal, provincial, tribal, or national government, though datus often joined their barangays in common communities, reckoning precedence and making alliances among themselves.

The most impressive examples of Visayan dentistry were its goldwork.

Early Spanish descriptions give the impression that Visayan men wore long robes which covered them from neck to ankle. He hollowed out the interior, leaving the necessary tambuko projecting to seat thwarts called agar.

Of course, this goldwork was considered all the more effective if displayed on teeth polished bright red or jet black. There was also a cat in every house to keep it free of rats, and if a civet cat could be caught young enough to tame, it made an even better mouser.

To file their teeth slightly was thought to increase their bravery. Sara-sara was rice mixed with such sugar, one of a number of snacks or tidbits called doom. Of course, members of the same barangay usually lived in the same place, but not necessarily: Physical Description ix, p. The most prestigious kind of pudong, limited to the most valiant, was, like their G-strings, made of pinayusan, a gauze-thin abaca of fibers selected for their whiteness, tie-dyed a deep scarlet in patterns as fine as embroidery, and burnished to a silky sheen.

They therefore drew little water, had low freeboard, had outriggers on both sides and steering oars instead of center-line rudders, and their flexible hulls could absorb under- water blows that would have stayed in the sides of a more rigid vessel. Linguists seeking the relationship of sister languages therefore compare a basic vocabulary of concepts like sun and moon, nose and hair, and up and down, which would presumably be common to any human society.

Intus or kilang was sugarcane wine, which improved with aging. Non-datus, on the other hand, lived in cottages built of light materials ready to be moved every few years to be near shifting swiddens—and so did datu farmers live in such houses seasonally.


And what was inferred from this name is that their being called this was because, since thesp are known from their language to be Malayos, when they came to this land, the head of barangay was taken for a datu, and even today it is still ascertained that one whole barangay was originally one family of parents and children, slaves and relatives.

It is therefore possible to regard the civilization portrayed in these sources as a kind of basic Philippine society and culture.

I Most of this mining was placer mining — gold panning in streams or It riverbeds. But men were proud of their capacity.

But there would be little need to borrow a word like mala eye which appears in many Austronesian languages. Wind and rain could destroy the blossoms, and typhoons the bees themselves, so the weather was a subject of constant speculation. Baring were nets woven like loose cloth; fine ones were for catching tiny hipon shrimp in the surf; while howar were nets with the widest mesh and were used in swamps.

Household dogs were provided with a special ladder to come and go as they pleased, and pet monkeys also acted as watchdogs to give noisy warning of approaching strangers.

Because what is sparkling Are his shining gold-crowned teeth, What is glittering all over Are the shining empenelek [caps] Maquiso Both cylinders had a bamboo outlet near the bottom which led to a common stone receptacle lilong which concen- trated their draft into baranhay charcoal fire. Unfortunately, they also make use of two twentieth-century forgeries attrib- uted to sixteenth-century Diego Povedano and nineteenth-century Jose Introduction Introduction Maria Pavon, and misrepresent Pedro A.

Many are of stun- ning beauty and incredible complexity — like those bahandi necklaces called kamagi which contain hundreds of links and rods and wires.

They were struck not only by its amount and wide distribution, but by the fact that it appeared to be part of the normal attire of persons otherwise almost naked. Indeed, cases were wklliam unknown of such children returning years later, married and prosperous. The uncircumcised were called pisot, an unripe fruit or green youth, a term which was also a polite euphemism for the female parts. Sinibaldo de Masin his population estimates more neutrally divides Spaniards and Filipinos into the following categories— Filipinos indios baranngay, Espanoles filipinos, and Espanoles europeos.