CONVENZIONE MONTEGO BAY PDF

A) Convenzione internazionale di Torremolinos del 2 aprile sulla . A. 38) Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite aperta alla firma a Montego Bay il The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Location, Montego Bay, Jamaica. Effective, 16 November United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). (Montego Bay, 10 December ). PREAMBLE. PART I. INTRODUCTION. Article 1. Use of terms.

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Cooperation in the construction and improvement of means of transport Article The State of origin of anadromous stocks shall ensure their conservation by the establishment of appropriate regulatory measures for fishing in all waters landward of the outer limits of its exclusive economic zone and for fishing provided for in paragraph 3 b. Where the coastal State does not have the capacity to harvest the entire allowable catch, it shall, through agreements or other arrangements and pursuant to the terms, conditions, laws and regulations referred to in paragraph 4, give other States access to the surplus of the allowable catch, having particular regard to the provisions of articles 69 and 70, especially in relation to the developing States mentioned therein.

Powers and functions Article Non-applicability of articles 69 and 70 Article Enforcement with respect to pollution from land-based sources Article Rocks which cannot sustain human habitation or economic life of their own shall have no exclusive economic zone or continental shelf.

Article8 Internal waters 1. Article98 Duty to render assistance 1. The Agreement also established a Finance Committee that would originate the financial decisions of the Authority, to which the largest donors would automatically be members and in which decisions would be made by consensus.

Ships in archipelagic sea lanes passage shall respect applicable convenxione lanes and traffic separation schemes established in accordance with this article.

In the cases provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2, the coastal State shall, if the master so requests, notify a diplomatic agent or consular officer of the flag Convenzoine before taking any steps, and shall facilitate contact between such convenzkone or officer and the ship’s crew. If the distance between the low-water marks of the natural entrance points of a bay does not exceed 24 nautical miles, a closing line may be drawn between these two low-water marks, and the waters enclosed thereby shall be considered as internal waters.

The above provisions are without prejudice to arrangements agreed upon in subregions or regions where the coastal States may grant to geographically disadvantaged States of the same subregion or region equal or preferential mkntego for the exploitation of the living resources in the exclusive economic zones. Duties of ships and aircraft donvenzione transit passage Article Every State shall fix the conditions for the grant of its nationality to ships, for the registration of ships in its territory, and for the right to fly its flag.

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The rate shall increase by 1 per cent for each subsequent year until the twelfth year and shall remain at 7 per cent thereafter. Immunity of warships on the high seas Article Article14 Combination of methods for determining baselines The coastal State may determine baselines in turn by any of the methods provided for in the foregoing articles to suit different conditions.

When the harvesting capacity of a coastal State approaches a point which would enable it to harvest the entire allowable catch of the living resources in its exclusive economic zone, the coastal State and other States concerned shall cooperate in the establishment of equitable arrangements on a convennzione, subregional or regional basis to allow for participation of developing land-locked States of the same subregion or region in coonvenzione exploitation of the living resources of the exclusive economic zones of coastal States of the subregion or region, as may be appropriate in the circumstances and on terms ba to all parties.

While the Secretary-General of the United Nations receives instruments of ratification and accession and the UN provides support for meetings of states party to the Convention, the UN has no direct operational role in the implementation of the Convention. Constitution of conciliation commission Article 4. Every coastal State shall promote the establishment, operation and maintenance of an adequate and effective search and rescue service regarding safety on and over the sea and, where circumstances so require, by way of mutual regional arrangements cooperate with neighbouring States for this purpose.

Suspension of the exercise of voting rights Article Definition of bah Article Article66 Anadromous stocks 1.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Article Breaking or injury by owners of a submarine cable or pipeline of another submarine cable or pipeline Every State shall adopt the laws and regulations necessary to provide that, if persons subject to its jurisdiction who are the owners of a submarine cable or pipeline beneath the high seas, in laying or repairing that cable or pipeline, cause a break in or injury to another cable or pipeline, they shall bear the cost of the repairs.

Convvenzione regime of innocent passage, in accordance with Part II, section 3, shall convebzione in straits used for international navigation: Logo of the Convention.

In the cases provided for in paragraph 1, the warship may proceed to verify convrnzione ship’s right to fly its flag. President, Vice-President and Registrar Article Governing Board Article 6.

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (Montego Bay )

In the implementation of this provision the montevo mentioned in paragraph 3 shall also be taken into account. The natural resources referred to in this Part consist of the mineral and other non-living resources of the seabed and subsoil together with living organisms belonging to sedentary species, that is to say, organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or the subsoil.

Definition of a pirate ship or aircraft Article Publication of reports Article Cooperation with international organizations and the Authority Article In conformity with this Part, States bordering monfego may designate sea lanes and prescribe traffic separation schemes for navigation in straits where necessary to promote the safe passage of ships.

Article Right of visit 1. Montegk of areas Article 9. Article58 Rights and duties of other States in the exclusive economic zone 1.

Article79 Submarine cables and pipelines on the continental shelf 1.

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Article72 Restrictions on transfer of rights 1. Article Right to lay submarine cables and pipelines 1. The coastal State shall make payments or contributions in kind in respect of the exploitation of the non-living resources of the continental shelf beyond nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. Article97 Penal jurisdiction in matters of collision or any other incident of navigation 1.

Such laws and regulations shall not discriminate in form or in fact among foreign ships or in their application have the practical effect of denying, hampering or impairing the right of transit passage as defined in this section. Article Conservation of the living resources of the high seas 1. Exclusive right to explore and exploit Article All States are entitled to lay submarine cables and pipelines on the continental shelf, in accordance with the provisions of this article.

Provisional measures Article It establishes an International Seabed Authority ISA to authorize seabed exploration and mining and collect and distribute the seabed mining royalty. It is uncertain as to what extent the Convention codifies customary international law.

Enforcement with respect to pollution from activities in the Area Article Funds by the Authority Article To this end, land-locked States shall enjoy freedom of transit through the territory of transit States by all means of transport.