Menurut FKUI (), fraktur adalah rusaknya dan terputusnya kontinuitas tulang . Klavikula adalah patah tulang pada tulang klavikula atau tulang selangka. Intra-articular Fractures By: Robert Shepherd MS, Certified Medical Illustrator, Vice President and Director of Eastern Region Operations. Fracture & Dislocation of ClaviculaFracture & Dislocation of Claviculadr Erwien Isparnadi oductionFractures of the clavicle are.
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Fraktur Clavicula Ppt
This will reduce swelling and bleeding in the injured area. A sack of sand or other cushioning placed between the shoulder then pulled shoulder lateral and ipsilateral arm in abduction position. The goal is to reduce bleeding and damage in the joints. Anterior or posterior sternoclavicular subluxation was evident when the joint is injured compared with normal joinSternoclavicular joint describe on 2 type, there is: Orto Fraktur Clavicula Sinistra Documents.
There is swelling and pain, especially with movement of the arm. Published on Sep View 43 Download Thus a type 2a fraktr represents a fracture asalah to both conoid and trapzezoid elements koavikula the CC ligaments, with the shaft displacing superior relative to the lateral endA type 2b injury represents a fracture of the lateral end of the clavicle, with disruption of the conoid portion of the CC ligamenType 1, Middle thirdType 2, lateral thirdType 3, Proximal thirdAssesmentAnamnesis: Shoulder must rest in a position of elevation with an ice pack for 20 minutes every two hours avoid direct contact klavlkula ice on the skin.
OTIntroductionFractures of the clavicle are common injuries accounting for between 2.
Fraktur Intra Artikuler
Presentation fraktur distal radius, fraktur styloid ulna Documents. Journal Reading Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Other projections of the clavicle may be performed after liaising with a radiographer, such an apical oblique view of the clavicle with the patient standing at 45 degrees toward the beam and the beam angled degrees TreatmentThe majority of clavicle fractures are treated non-operatively with good outcomes.
Usually the shoulders are in a position of adduction and flexionRockwood classificationSurgical options for joint instability acromioklavikular including 1 coracoklavikular ligament reconstruction with or without excision of the distal clavicle or 2 stabilization coracoklavikular with ligament reconstruction coracoklavikularHandling directly on soft tissue injury consists of a ricer protocol – rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral.
Lapsus radiologi fraktur clavicula dan cruris Documents. Mid Shaft Clavicular FractureUndisplaced mid-shaft fractures are generally managed non-operatively.
Tutorial Skenario b Fraktur Clavicula Education. While intra-articular fractures appear very similar to those that do not involve a joint space extra-articular fracturesintra-articular fractures are significantly more serious because they are associated with a much greater incidence of long-term complications.
The following images show a knee joint.
Fraktur Clavicula Ppt
When a fracture involves the articular surface of one or more bones of a joint, the articular cartilage and smooth articular surface of the bone are disrupted. Arm immobilized in frakutr sling at least two days for minor injuries or six weeks for more severe cases.
Svigt af fiksation i caput femoris varusskred, The displaced types were then divided into 2a or 2b, depending on the presence of injury to the coraco-clavicular CC adaah . In order to appreciate why intra-articular fractures can be so problematic, a fundamental understanding of a typical joint is helpful. Fraktur Intra Artikuler Download Report. Pertrochantr fraktur Definition Pertrochantr fraktur LP fraktur clavicula 2.
Sternoclavicular joint anteriorSternoclavicular joint posteriorSternoclavicular joint dislocation posterior clavicle will appear less prominent on palpation.
Even with the best fracture alignment and joint immobilization, subtle disturbances in the joint surface and the natural bone reformation that take place during healing can result in uneven joint surfaces and injury to the overlying articular cartilage see the below illustration.
Asuhan Keperawatan Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Hendradi – Fraktur Clavicula Documents. With the exception of a meniscus, almost all moveable joints are similar to the knee joint in that the joints are lined with a thick, shock-absorbing articular cartilage adherent to smooth, bony surfaces that allow pain-free movement. Klasifikasi fraktur berdasarkan garis fraktur Documents. Fraktur Clavicula dan Fraktur Costae Documents.
Ligaments can be partially disrupted. Because of the abnormalities of the injured and healed joint surface, natural movement of the joint can also damage adalab articular cartilage of the opposing joint surface. As shown in the below illustrations, joint trauma without a diagnosable fracture of any type can injure the smooth, shock-absorbing articular cartilage, with or without microfractures of the underlying bone.
Fraktur Scapula n Clavicula Documents. Sjldent sekundr collum-fraktur Documents.
Fraktur Intra Artikuler
Discomfort increased when the patient is placed in supine position, fraktue shoulder is not affected in a horizontal position compared with healthy shouldersSome treatment options include open reduction for retrosternal dislocation.
In order for joints to have the best chance of proper joint function after healing, physicians go to greater effort to make sure the bony surfaces are properly aligned and that the joint is properly immobilized than they would with a similar fracture that is extra-articular. Displaced lateral clavicle fractures are often treated operatively with conservative measures being associated with high rates of non-unionNon-operative treatment is generally used in those patients who are low demand, elderly or frailIn the case of a standard distal clavicle plate, three screws a minimum of two should be placed in the distal fragment to provide sufficient stabilityMedial end FractureBecause of the close proximity of the mediastinal structures, formal fixation is considered only in the event of marked displacement of the clavicle, with a risk klaviku,a underlying structuresDislocationDislocation of Sternoclavicular joinDislocation of acromioklavikular AC jointSternoclavicular jointThe patient complained of mild to moderate pain, especially with movement of the upper limb.
Injeksi intra-artikuler Ruang Kuliah Ilmu Measures such as an arm sling, analgesia and, in the case of mid shaft fractures, figure of eight bandage across the shoulders, often provide ample treatment. This forces the acromion process of the down, beneath the clavicle. No HARM protocol should also be applied – no heat, no alcohol, no running or activity, and no klavvikula.
Fraktur Clavicula – Case Report Documents. However, closed reduction is considered the treatment of choice, especially if the patient presents within 24 hours. Head can be tilted toward the side of the joint is dislocated.