The Semitic languages /​ edited by Robert Hetzron. Other Authors. Hetzron, Robert. Published. New York: Routledge, Content Types. text. Carrier Types. : The Semitic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) ( ): Robert Hetzron: Books. THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST. ROBERT HETZRON (ed.): The Semitic languages. xx, pp. London: Routledge, ? Nildeke to Goldziher (7/8/ ).

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Even Akkadian has one or two remnants of such an earlier system, e. PhD Dissertation, University se,itic Texas. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes. Accade- mia Nazionale dei Lincei vol.

Robert Hetzron (ed.): The Semitic Languages | Aethiopica

We have tried to demonstrate in this chapter that by integrating the family tree and wave models of language classification, we can account for the seeming discrepancies in the modified Hetzronian scheme. Content Types text Carrier Types online resource volume Physical Description 1 hetzeon resource xx, pages: Of course, the fact that these two languages were already similar would have facilitated borrowing in both directions.

Hetzron proposed the branching that is illustrated in Figure 9. It is much more common in those languages for plurals to be formed by what is termed either internal plurals, broken plurals, or pattern replacement: When languages are close enough geographically to share features through such borrowing or diffusion, they sometimes form what are termed linguistic areas or areal groupings.


Canaanite Aramaic Arabic Sayhadic.

Further, there are vestiges of these triphthongs in the other languages as well. Thus, these forms probably reflect a Proto-Semitic feature that was lost in Akkadian and, with rare exception, in Proto-Northwest Semitic. This site uses cookies.

Robert Hetzron

Your summaries always make reading the fuller treatment more comprehensible. Contributors who publish with this journal agree to the following license and copyright agreement:. In other words, it semiti simply what is left of West Semitic once Central Semitic breaks away.

One looks in vain for any vestiges of the old yaqattal form in any of the Central Semitic languages. Additional features can be found in Huehnergard Models of Classification of the Semitic Languages Hetzron ; ; Email required Address never made public.

Khanwhich share a number of areal features with non-Semitic languages especially Kurdish. Series Routledge language family descriptions Routledge language family descriptions. The wave model accounts for similarities due to the spreading of features across languages, including well-established language boundaries, and even across un- related languages.

Still another phenomenon that results in shared features, which we have already noted briefly, is the areal diffusion or wave-like spreading of features as a result of contact between speakers of different dialects or languages. The Ethiopian Semitic languages are part of a linguistic area which semitiic a number of non-Semitic Cushitic and Omotic languages cf. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.


The second feature, the use of broken plurals, is a bit more complex. Thus, for example, in the first millennium BCE, speak- ers of Aramaic dialects moved into Mesopotamia, and their speech then had significant effects on the Akkadian of that period, and vice versa.

Issues kindly supported by. There seems to be almost as many approaches to classification as there are scholars who work on the problem, some of them markedly different in methodology and conclusions for some history of the issue, cf. The Akkadian Languahes in semutic Semitic Context: This is called shared retention, and it is generally not relevant for subgrouping, since it need not involve a common interme- diate ancestor.

Problems in Comparative Linguistics. These developments should not, therefore, be considered genetic inheritances, but rather the results of parallel development or areal diffusion.