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Horsemen of the Esophagus by Jason Fagone is a nonfiction book about the sport of competitive eating and the outsized American appetite. Horsemen follows three American “gurgitators” during a year on the pro eating circuit: Horseman makes stops at 27 competitive eating contests around the world, including the Nathan’s Famous Hot Dog Eating Contest at Coney Island and includes an interview with Nathan’s champion at the time, Takeru Kobayashi.

Hardcover — A hardcover or hardback book is one bound with rigid protective covers. It has a flexible, sewn spine which allows the book to lie flat on a surface when opened, following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the abbreviation Hbk. Hardcover books are printed on acid-free paper, and are much more durable than paperbacks. Hardcover books are more costly to manufacture. If brisk sales are anticipated, an edition of a book is typically released first.

Ot publishers publish paperback originals if slow hardback sales are anticipated, for very popular books these sales cycles may be extended, and followed by a mass market paperback edition typeset in a more compact size and printed on shallower, less hardy paper. In the past the release of an edition was one year after the hardback.

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It is very unusual for a book that was first published in paperback to be followed by a hardback, an example is the novel The Judgment of Paris by Gore Vidal, which had its revised edition of first published in paperback, and later in hardcover.

Hardcover books are sold at higher prices than comparable paperbacks. Hardcovers typically consist of a block, two boards, and a cloth or heavy paper covering. The pages are sewn together and glued onto a flexible spine between the boards, and it too is covered by the cloth, a paper wrapper, or dust jacket, is usually put over the binding, folding over each horizontal end of the boards.

On the folded part, or flap, over the front cover is generally a blurb, the back flap is where the biography of the author can be found. Reviews are often placed on the back of the jacket, bookbinding Paperback How to make a simple Hardcover book.

Coney Island — The site was formerly an outer barrier island but became partially connected to the rest of Long Island by land fill. Coney Island is well known as the site of amusement parks, the attractions reached a historical peak during the first half of the 20th century, declining in popularity after World War II and years of neglect.

Coney Island is the westernmost part of the islands of Long Island. At its highest it is 7 feet above sea level, the perimeter of Coney Island features man made structures designed to maintain its current shape. The beaches are not a natural feature with replenishing sand being cut off by the jetty at Breezy Point.

Sand has been redeposited on the beaches via beach nourishment sincethe first such project ever, Sheepshead Bay on the east side is, for the most part, enclosed in bulkheads. The original Native American inhabitants of the region, the Lenape and this name has been attributed the meaning of land without shadows or always in light describing how its south facing beaches always remained in sunlight.

A second meaning attributed to Narrioch is point or corner of land, the Dutch established the colony of Nieuw Amsterdam in that area in the early 17th century. The western most island was Coney Island, a 1. This connection to the waterways behind the islands allowed shipping traffic to travel from Jamaica Bay to New York Harbor without having to venture out into the ocean, the canal turned Coney Hook into a detached half mile long island called Pine Island, due to the woods on it. East of Pine was the largest section of island called Gysberts or Guisberts Island, containing most of the land and extending east through todays Brighton Beach.

Each island was separated by an inlet that could only be crossed at low tide, Development of the island was slow over the period of the Dutch occupation up through the early s due to land disputes and the intervening Revolutionary War and War of By the early s there were only a handful of farms across the entire island.

There is no historical consensus on how the island got the name Coney Island, a name, in the form of Conyne Eylandt. Development on Coney Island has always been controversial, when the first structures were built around the s, there was an outcry to prevent any development on the island and preserve it as a natural park. Starting in the early s, the City of New York made efforts to all buildings. It was an effort to reclaim the beach which by then had almost completely built over with bath houses, clam bars, amusements.


Takeru Kobayashi — Takeru Kobayashi is a Japanese competitive eater. He holds many records, including eight Guinness Records, for eating hot dogs, meatballs, Twinkies, tacos, hamburgers, pizza, ice cream and pasta. The record was so unexpected that when Kobayashi got to the later numbers, Kobayashi would go on to break his own record three times in winning the contest six consecutive times. At a speed-eating contest in Hong Kong on August 13, the next day, he ate roasted pork buns in 12 minutes.

However, on Foxs show Man vs. Beast, Kobayashi lost in a competition against a pound Kodiak bear.

In a interview, Kobayashi claims to have beaten the bear in the rehearsal, other world-eating records held by Kobayashi include He stated that he could open his jaw about the width of a fingertip. Kobayashis participation in the July 4, Nathans contest continued as scheduled and he was able to eat a personal record 63 esophwgus dogs, though his mark was esophagis by Joey Chestnuts On July 4, he competed again in the Nathans contest and he ate On September 27, Kobayashi defeated Chestnut again with a score of 93, Chestnut was second, with 81, and Pat Deep Dish Bertoletti finished third, with Kobayashi finished 69 hot dogs, one more than the officially recognized world record.

That world record stood as the highest ever eaten until when Joey Chestnut ate a record 70 at that years Nathans Hot Dog Eating Contest. Kobayashi went on The Wendy Williams Show to set the record for eating the most Twinkies in one minute, for the Save The Twinkie campaign, and set a new world record of 14 Twinkies.

Drew Cerza paved the way for the Chicken Wing Hall of Fame, inthe festival was video webcast live to over 84, online viewers.

On September 2, Joey Chestnut consumed wings,7. It has been revised and expanded through 23 major editions, the latest issued in and it is also available in an abridged version suitable for smaller libraries. It is currently maintained by the Online Computer Library Center, a cooperative that serves libraries.

The Decimal Classification introduced the concepts of relative location and relative index which allow new books to be added to a library in their location based on subject. Libraries previously had given books permanent shelf locations that were related to the order of acquisition rather than topic, the classifications notation makes use of three-digit Arabic numerals for main classes, with fractional decimals allowing expansion for further detail.

Using Arabic numerals for symbols, it is flexible to the degree that numbers can be expanded in linear fashion to cover aspects of general subjects. A library assigns a number that unambiguously locates a particular volume in a position relative to other books in the library. The number makes it possible to find any book and to return it to its place on the library shelves.

The classification system is used inlibraries in at least countries, the major competing classification system to the Dewey Decimal system is the Library of Congress Classification system created by the U.

Horsemen of the Esophagus – WikiVisually

Melvil Dewey was an American librarian and self-declared reformer and he was a founding member of hkrsemen American Library Association and can be credited with the promotion of card systems in libraries and business. He developed the ideas for his classification system in while working at Amherst College library.

He applied the classification to the books in library, until in he had a first version of the classification. Inhe published the classification in pamphlet form with the title A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and he used the pamphlet, published in more than one version during the year, to solicit comments from other librarians. It esophaghs not known who received copies or how many commented as only one copy with comments has survived, in Marchhe applied for, and received copyright on the first edition of the index.

The edition was 44 pages in length, with 2, thd entries, comprised pages, with 10, index entries. Editions 3—14, published between andused a variant of this same title, Dewey modified and expanded his system considerably for esopgagus second edition. Eeophagus an introduction to that edition Dewey states that nearly persons hav contributed criticisms, one of the innovations of the Dewey Decimal system was that of positioning books on the shelves in relation to other books on similar topics.

OCLC — The Online Computer Library Center is a US-based nonprofit cooperative organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the worlds information and reducing information costs.

It was founded in as the Ohio College Library Center, OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world.

OCLC is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to esophafus for its services, the group first met on July 5, on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization. The group hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library.


The goal of network and database was to bring libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the worlds information in order to best serve researchers and scholars. The first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, and this was the first occurrence of online cataloging by any library worldwide.

Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data, between andOCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but ina new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. Inthe structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States. As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside of Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with networks, organizations that provided training, support, bythere were 15 independent United States regional service providers.

WorldCat has holding records from public and private libraries worldwide.

Horsemen of the Esophagus: Competitive Eating and the Big Fat American Dream

The Online Computer Library Center acquired the horseen and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press ina browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July esopbagus, it was replaced by the Classify Service.

The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users and this around-the-clock reference service is provided esophavus a cooperative of participating global libraries. OCLC has produced cards for members since with its shared online catalog.

OCLC commercially sells software, e. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications and these publications, including journal articles, reports, newsletters, and presentations, are available through the organizations website. The most recent publications are displayed first, and all archived resources, membership Ewophagus — A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding.

Competitive eating — Competitive eating, or ot eating, is a esophagjs in which participants compete against each other to consume large quantities of food in a eaophagus time period. Contests are typically eight to ten long, although esophabus competitions can last up to thirty minutes. Competitive eating is most popular in the United States, Canada, and Japan, traditionally, eating contests, often involving pies, were events at county fairs.

InTakeru Kobayashi transformed the competition and the world of competitive eating by downing 50 hot dogs — smashing the previous record. The event generates enormous media attention and has aired on ESPN for the past eight years.

Takeru Kobayashi won it consistently from through and he was dethroned in by Joey Chestnut. Chestnut still holds the record of 69 hot dogs and buns in 10 minutes for the competition. Kobayashi holds six Guinness Records, for eating hot dogs, meatballs, Twinkies, hamburgers and he competed in hot dog contests in and and claimed to have eaten 68 esophagjs Kobayashi goes on to say that he completed this by drinking lots and lots of liquid for a few days before the event before not eating anything all day on the event.

The current champion is Joey Chestnut, with a total of horsmeen hot dogs, All Pro Eating is the only Esphagus Competitive Hprsemen organization in the world and also officially sanctions competitive eating contests. Picnic style rules pay respect to the food and maintains the integrity and dignity, All Pro Eating Promotions is the only competitive eating organization that provides sanctioned independent competitive eating events that specifically follow picnic style rules. The International Federation of Competitive Eating hosts nearly 50 Major League Eating events across North America every year and it features videos of contests and eaters and offers official records.

The IFOCE also produced a series of minute television shows, Eats of Strength, other eating contests sponsored by restaurants can involve a challenge to eat large or extraordinarily spicy food items, including giant steaks, hamburgers and curries in a set amount of time. Library of Congress Classification — The Library of Congress Classification is a system of library classification developed by the Library of Congress.

It is used by most research and academic libraries in the U. The classification was invented by Herbert Putnam injust before he assumed the librarianship of Congress, with advice from Charles Ammi Cutter, it was influenced by his Cutter Expansive Classification, the Dewey Decimal System, and the Putnam Classification System.

It was designed specifically for the purposes and collection of the Library of Congress to replace the fixed location system developed by Thomas Jefferson, by the time Putnam departed from his post inall the classes except K and parts of B were well developed.