KERACUNAN TEMPE BONGKREK PDF

Keracunan akibat memakan tempe bongkrek sudah seringkali kita dengar, khususnya yang terjadi di wilayah Karesidenan Banyumas. Tempe. Satu keluarga yang terdiri dari empat orang keracunan setelah memakan tempe goreng. Satu di antaranya tewas. Tempe gembus dan bongkrek sering dikonsumsi oleh beberapa orang, tempe bongkrek seringkali menyebabkan keracunan karena adanya.

Author: Akinokinos Faerg
Country: Germany
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Spiritual
Published (Last): 28 December 2013
Pages: 254
PDF File Size: 10.41 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.86 Mb
ISBN: 307-2-62415-599-6
Downloads: 16567
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dalkree

Bongkrekic acid BAa little-known mitochondrial toxin produced by the bacterium Burkholderia gladioli pathovar strain or set of strains with the same or similar characteristics that have been shown to be pathogenic to certain plants cocovenenans B. Sementara itu tempe bongkrek yang terbuat dari kelapa parut dan ampas kelapa sisa perasan penduduk sendiri sering ditumbuhi bakteri itu karena masih mengandung banyak lemak.

Studies on fermented corn flour poisoning in rural areas of China. Summary of outbreaks, year, number affected and fatalities related to bongkrekic acid poisoning [ 1 — 12 ]. Management of patients is symptomatic and supportive.

Therefore tempeh, bongkerk made the right way with proper acidification by a first fermentation as is done in Indonesia, or by adding vinegar as is done in the western world is a safe food. Acidifying the fermentation environment or adding salt appears to decrease toxin formation [ 6 ].

Bongkrekic acid is produced by the bacterium Burkholderia gladioli pathovar cocovenenans B.

Bongkrekic Acid—a Review of a Lesser-Known Mitochondrial Toxin

Historically, prevention measures largely focused on discouraging the production and consumption of high-risk fermented foods. However, antidotes used for other mitochondrial toxins e. Inhibition of bongkrek acid and toxoflavin production in Tempe bongkrek containing Pseudomonas cocovenenans.

Biochemistry of some foodborne microbial toxins. Pembeda menjes dari yang lain adalah aroma. Bakteri yang mengeluarkan racun itu adalah Pseudomonas cocovenenansilmuwan yang pertama kali mempelajari penyebab keracunan tempe bongkrek adalah Mertens dan van Veen dari Institut Eijkman. Further work defining prevention messages, diagnostics, and potential treatment strategies is needed.

  CANON DE POCAINTA CATRE DOMNUL NOSTRU IISUS HRISTOS PDF

In addition, half of the Tremella fuciformis mushrooms consumed in China and other Asian countries might be contaminated with B.

Accessed 27 Apr Dextrose might be helpful for patients who develop hypoglycemia, although it has not been reported to reduce mortality [ 13 ]. Bongkrekic acid has a unique mechanism of toxicity among the mitochondrial toxins: Tempe bongkrek adalah tempe yang terbuat dari bahan ampas kelapa atau bungkil kelapa.

The forbidden fruit in de garden of FermentEden. Racun tersebut tidak mudah diinaktifkan atau didetoksifikasi maupun diekskresi oleh tubuh.

Waspadai Toksoflavin dan Asam Bongkrek Yang Dihasilkan Bakteri Pseudomonas –

Proteins, lipids, ions, pro-oxidants, and chemotherapeutic agents can all directly modulate the pore-forming activity of ANT [ 2324 ]. Olahan tempe serupa tempe gembus ini cukup bergizi. We included 18 articles, five book chapters, two Pro-MED alerts, one PowerPoint presentation, and three websites in this review. Background Bongkrekic acid BAa little-known mitochondrial toxin produced hongkrek the bacterium Burkholderia gladioli pathovar strain or set of strains with the same or similar characteristics that have keracknan shown to be pathogenic bonglrek certain plants cocovenenans B.

Buckle KA, Kartadarma E. Asam bongkrek adalah racun yang tidak berwarna. Pathophysiology Bongkrekic acid produces its toxic effects by inhibiting mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocase ANT.

The final product is sliced or cubed for frying or cooking in soup.

Meski berbau, menjes justru membangkitkan selera makan. Early studies reported that B. Bongkfek terbuat dari ampas tahu dan ampas tempe yang difermentasi lalu dipadatkan hingga berbentuk serupa tempe pada umumnya. The primary target organs are the liver, brain, and kidneys [ 20 ]. Bentuk, tekstur, dan aroma adalah beberapa di antaranya.

After an outbreak inproduction of tempe bongkrek was banned, but production and occasional outbreaks continue keraucnan occur [ 113 ]. It is made by pressing the coconut meat by-product from coconut milk or oil production into a cake that is then inoculated with R. Our objective was to summarize what is known about the epidemiology, exposure sources, toxicokinetics, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnosis and treatment of human BA poisoning.

  EN 1515-4 PDF

Walaupun temoe kandungan gizinya tidak seberapa disamping resikonya yang sangat berbahaya bagi kesehatan. Namun ada bonbkrek yang dalam proses pembuatannya menggunakan campuran kacang dan kedelai, serat singkong, serta bungkil kedelai. Kedua racun itulah yang mematikan pemakan tempe bongkrek. Later studies confirmed it has the same molecular formula as BA and may be the same molecule as BA or be a BA metabolite [ 416 ].

Signs and symptoms in humans are similar to the clinical findings from other mitochondrial poisons, but they vary in severity and time course. The MPTP is a protein-based channel that regulates the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane. The New York Times. Journal Keraacunan J Med Toxicol v.

Bongkrekic Acid—a Review of a Lesser-Known Mitochondrial Toxin

Published online Jan Polyketides bongkgek biologically active secondary metabolites produced by bacteria, fungi, and plants to impart a survival advantage such as inhibiting the growth of other bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites, or tumor cells. The Burkholderia genus includes more than 60 species, but B. Bongkrekic acid produces its toxic effects by inhibiting mitochondrial ANT. Tempe bongkrek is a locally produced, inexpensive protein source in Java, Indonesia. In spite of a ban keracuna tempe bongkrek production in Indonesia, outbreaks have continued to occur [ 5 ].