Teaching, a certain sage, Gaudapada by name, has written a poem. This poem is now translated, prefaced by the Mandukya Upanishad itself. Gaudapada. Gaudapada, grand Guru of Shankara, is the author of Mandukya Karika, a commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. It was written in 8th century, and is the earliest. : Mandukya Upanishad with Gaudapada’s Karika eBook: Gaudapada, Charles Johnston: Kindle Store.
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The meaning is that the described states are merely experiences that appear on the one unchanging Consciousness Absolute. He who knows thus, measures all and becomes all. Even when the mind is well settled down in sleep, it should be brought under restraint, for sleep is as harmful as desire.
That which is settled by the sruti and supported by reasoning is true, and not anything else. Multiplicity does not really exist in any manner.
Of particular interest is Chapter Four, in which according to Bhattacharya, two karikas refer to the Mandukyaa and the term Asparsayoga is borrowed from Buddhism.
Within this Absolute Truth duality does not exist as the cause of the delusions of desire and fear. OM is without a cause, without interior and exterior, without effect, and is undecaying. All the jivas, as well as Knowledge, are ever unrelated to objects. The state devoid of object and devoid of perception is regarded as extraordinary. It is great peace, eternal effulgence and samadhi; It is unmoving and fearless. Likewise, the mind of the waking man is an object of his perception alone.
The Sage has realised the infinite unity and singularity of Existence. This Knowledge is proclaimed to be unattached, since it is unrelated to any other object.
When the Truth is realised, duality does not exist. AUM, the word, is all this, the whole universe. Thus, the One alone is regarded in three ways. The same would be said when on hearing a sound the principle of hearing would be said to be gratified.
But they think they are subject to senility and death and by the very power of thought they appear to deviate from their true nature. How can the cause, which itself is not established, give birth to the effect?
The Absolute is unchanging in all ways. May we see with our eyes what is auspicious; May we, endowed with body strong with limbs, offering praise, complete the gaufapada span of life bestowed upon us by the divine beings; May Indra, of enhanced fame, be auspicious unto us; May Pushan, who is all-knowing, be auspicious unto us; May Tarkshya, who is the destroyer of all evils, be auspicious unto us; May Brihaspati bestow upon us auspiciousness!
When the mind ceases to imagine consequent on the realisation of the Truth which is the Self, then it attains the state of not being the mind and becomes a non-perceiver, owing to the absence of objects to be perceived. Such birth is not established, everything is said to be Unborn. Meditation on the “soundless” gadapada no attainment. There is no evidence of the existence of the one without the other; they are cognized only through each other.
I salute Brahman, the destroyer of the fear of those who take refuge in It—which, though unborn, appears to be associated with birth through Its own majestic powers; which, though motionless, appears to be moving; and which, though non— dual, appears to have assumed gaudaoada forms to those whose vision is deluded by the perception of diverse objects and their attributes.
All souls are devoid of any covering and are by nature pure. The gross satisfies visva, the subtle satisfies taijasa and, similarly, gladness satisfies prajna. But it is the very nature of the effulgent Being.
GAUDAPADA | mandukya karika
Again, that which exists on the basis of the empirical view brought about by other schools of thought, does not really exist. The controlled mind is verily the fearless Brahman, the light of whose omniscience is all—pervading. One should indeed know Pranava as the Lord well set up in the heart of all. This is the illustration with regard to birth. The descriptions and names of states and all such talk of duality has been for the sake of instruction only.
Both experiences have a beginning and an end.
Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad
How is it possible for things that are perceived to exist, really to exist in Brahman, which is indivisible and homogeneous? Moksha Moksha Anubhava Turiya Sahaja. Taijasa Atman, whose sphere of activity is the dream state, is U, the second letter of AUM, on account of his superiority or intermediateness.
Gaudapada states that the Upanishads such as the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad teach this, that one’s own Atman self is identical to the Atman in other beings, and all Atman are identical with the Brahman.
Which one “Quarter” is Eternal. Duality ceases to exist when Reality is known. Its field is the dream state. In the Fourth state of consciousness, the mind is not simply withdrawn from the objects, but becomes one with Reality [Brahman].
Introduction to the Mandukya Upanishad and Om. The non—dualists find no conflict with them.
Gaudapada presents the competing traditional theories about life in vogue, before and in his times, in Karika 6 through 9. A clear explanation of it is as follows: The U is the sustaining quality, the quality of Satwa. The immutable and birthless Brahman is the goal of knowledge.